2016 has already been deemed the hottest year on record, with January, February and March all passing the marks set in 2015. March being the 11th consecutive month to set record high temperatures.

With the NOAA releasing their global climate report on Tuesday, three separate agencies have found similar results so far, each through different methods. El Nino has certainly exacerbated the temperatures by adding an additional 0.8 degrees to the average, breaking the record set by the 1997-98 El Nino.

As the period of relatively slow warming which began in 1998 seems to be coming to an end, the Earth is likely in the beginning on a long term period of rapid temperature increase.

The effects of the recent spikes in warming are already being felt across the globe. India is currently in a heat wave that has already killed at least 160 people, with an estimated 330 million people being put at risk. The fact that the wave has hit in April is hugely concerning, India usually experiences its hottest months in May and June, and has some certain that the monsoon will fail again.

Nicaragua is also undergoing a massive drought, according to a report by 15 NGO’s working in collaboration. The country has so far seen the near disappearance of 4 lakes, 6,000 hectares of forest, the reduction or disappearance of 34 rivers, and a drastic reduction in rainfall.

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